The 50 largest economies in the world

The ICP does not calculate PPP rates every year, but rather conducts its work in ‘rounds’ that are several years apart. The most recent round was conducted in 2017 and the previous round was conducted in 2011. The price level in the US is used as the benchmark – or ‘numeraire’ – so that one 2017 int.-$ is defined as the value of goods and services that one US dollar would buy in the US in 2017.

Indonesia’s budget deficit for 2023 is targeted at 2.81% to 2.95% of GDP; however, regional inequality, lack of infrastructure, and governmental corruption remain problems for Indonesia’s rising economy. South Korea’s economy is a 20th-century success story that is today firmly established as an advanced, industrial economy. It is a major producer and exporter of electronics, telecommunications equipment, and motor vehicles.

  1. Over the past three decades, Mexico has emerged as a manufacturing economy under a series of free trade agreements with the United States, Canada, and 50 other countries.
  2. Our standard is 660 pixels, but you can customize how the statistic is displayed to suit your site by setting the width and the display size.
  3. It is the world’s dominant geopolitical power and is able to maintain a large external national debt as the producer of the world’s primary reserve currency.
  4. Asian countries among the top 8 biggest economies exhibited the best growth prospects, even among a global pandemic.
  5. Countries consistently measure GDP growth as a way to determine how the economy is performing and what actions need to be taken to create steady growth.

By 2030, India is expected to overtake the U.S. as the second-largest economy on the planet. At that time China is also supposed to be the biggest economy in the world in terms of nominal GDP, a record still held by the U.S. Belgium is a trade and transport hub that has a diversified economy with a mix of services, manufacturing, and high-tech industry. The international drug trade constitutes an ongoing challenge to Mexico’s development, contributing directly to violence and corruption in the country. Weak legal institutions have made it difficult to regulate and integrate the large informal economy that employs more than half of Mexico’s workforce. Economy is driven by its large service sector, particularly in finance, insurance, and business services.

The world’s largest economies

Through Partnership Agreements, the Federation of International Trade Associations publishes studies from several of these agencies (USCS, FAS, AAFC, UKTI, and HKTDC) as well as other non-governmental organizations on its website Typical examples are illegal drugs and other black market goods, which by any standard are a part of the world economy, but for which there is, by definition, no legal market of any kind. Countries with positive growth rates are shaded in green; countries with negative growth rates, orange. To view changes over time, adjust the date using the slider at the top left of the map. You can also view each country’s historical growth data on the chart below the map by using the drop-down menu. Argentina’s primary contributor to GDP is the industrial sector, followed by services and then agriculture.

The country also has an aging labor force and a state-owned energy company, which constrains budget and spending. Its primary export partners are the U.K., Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, and China. The country is a large exporter of natural gas, crude petroleum, salmon, and aluminum. Rather, market valuations in a local currency are typically translated to a single monetary unit using the idea of purchasing power. This is the method used below, which is used for estimating worldwide economic activity in terms of real United States dollars or euros. However, the world economy can be evaluated and expressed in many more ways.

The nation’s extensive trading relationship with continental Europe has been greatly complicated by the resolution of Brexit subsequent to the 2016 vote to leave the European Union (EU). Is officially not a member of the EU, but contentious negotiations over trade relations between the two are ongoing. Liberalization of India’s economy since the 1990s has boosted economic growth, but inflexible business regulation, widespread corruption, and persistent poverty pose challenges to ongoing expansion.

And in early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic caused a collapse in GDP at a pace comparable to that during the Great Depression. Global growth resumed in 2021, at a robust 6 percent pace, before falling back to 3.5 percent in 2022. That means this data starts out being expressed in a variety of local currencies – as so many rupees, US dollars, or yuan, etc. – and without adjusting for inflation over time. Turkey has a largely open economy, with large industrial and service sectors.

World economy

Our standard is 660 pixels, but you can customize how the statistic is displayed to suit your site by setting the width and the display size. Please note that the code must be integrated into the HTML code (not only the text) for WordPress pages and other CMS sites. The Saudi government has also begun to at least partially privatize Aramco, listing the company on the Saudi Stock Exchange through an initial public offering (IPO) in December 2019.

World economy by country groups

If prices are higher than this benchmark year, nominal data will be adjusted downwards. In the base year itself, the nominal and inflation-adjusted figures are the same by definition. According to the IMF, China and the U.S. are to remain at the top of the ranking in 2024, while Indonesia is projected to pull ahead of Germany.

Because of its large population, India has the lowest per-capita GDP on this list. Countries began to recover in 2021 from massive GDP drops in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which had a major impact on economies around the world. Overall, countries continued that growth in 2022, which saw global GDP go from $96.88 trillion in 2021 to $100.56 trillion in 2022. However, there have been some big movers within the list in the last 20-plus years. China was in 13th place in 2000, but has been sitting in second place since 2010.

Unlike the exchange rates between currencies you would see at the foreign exchange counter, these account for differences in the cost of living between countries. Potential growth data is calculated based on IMF estimates of each country’s kab review is kab a scam or legit forex broker potential GDP. Potential GDP is defined as the maximum output a country can produce, in a given period of time, without causing inflation to rise. Unlike actual GDP, potential GDP cannot be observed directly from the real world.

Biggest economies in 2022 by gross domestic product

Italy’s economy and level of development vary notably by region, with a more developed, industrial economy in the north and underdeveloped southern regions. Italy faces persistently sluggish economic growth due to a very high public debt, an inefficient court system, a weak banking sector, an inefficient labor market with chronically high youth unemployment, and a large underground economy. In converting economic data to international-$, which round of PPPs are used to adjust for cost-of-living differences between countries is, in principle, a separate issue to the base year used to adjust for inflation over time.

As a leading exporter of oil and gas, as well as other minerals and metals, Russia’s economy is highly sensitive to swings in world commodity prices. Germany is a top exporter of vehicles, machinery, chemicals, and other manufactured goods and has a highly skilled workforce. Germany, however, faces some demographic challenges to its economic growth. Its low fertility rate makes replacing its aging workforce more difficult, and its high levels of net immigration strain its social welfare system. China has the world’s second-largest nominal GDP in current dollars and the largest in terms of PPP. It’s economy has seen historical growth in the last two decades, causing some economists to speculate that China may overtake the U.S. as the world’s largest economy in the future.

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